Publications & Reports

Equity in antenatal care visits among adolescent mothers: An analysis of 54 country levels trend and projection of coverage from 2000 to 2030.

Rahman M, Hossain F, Islam R, Jung J, Mahmud SR, Hashizume M
Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, University of Hitotsubashi, Tokyo, Japan.


Background: Ensuring utilization of antenatal care (ANC) services by adolescent mothers (ages 10-19) is an enormous challenge in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study provides the first comprehensive analysis of ANC visits among adolescent and adult mothers. Methods: Using all available Demographic and Health Survey and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2000 and 2019 in 54 LMICs, we estimated proportion of ANC visits among women. Bayesian hierarchical regression models were used to estimate trend, projection, and determinants of single and four ANC visits (ANC1 and ANC4) independently. Equity analysis were performed to assess the magnitude of wealth-based and urban-rural inequalities in access to ANC visits. Results: Compared to women aged 36-49 years, coverage of ANC1 and ANC4 are expected to increase significantly for adolescent mothers and women aged 20-35 years. This increase was observed at the national level, as well as both urban and rural areas in most countries between 2000 and 2030. By 2030, the coverage of ANC1 is predicted to reach 80% or more in all countries except Angola, Central African Republic and Togo, whereas only 16 countries are predicted to reach 80% or more for ANC4. According to wealth quintile, the lowest inequalities with highest coverage of 80% or more ANC4 will be observed in Armenia, Cambodia, Dominican Republic, Ghana, Maldives, Indonesia, and Sao Tome and Principe in 2030. Determinant analysis found increased odds of receiving ANC visits during pregnancy for adolescent mothers with higher educational levels, frequency of listening/watching mass media, and various household socio-economic status factors. Conclusions: This study calls for advanced, innovative and cost-effective approaches to increase ANC coverage among adolescent mothers, particularly in rural areas and/or in low socioeconomic groups.

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  • Journal: Journal of Global Health
  • Published: 19/03/2022
  • Volume: 12
  • Pagination: 04016