Publications & Reports

Decreased K13 Abundance Reduces Hemoglobin Catabolism and Proteotoxic Stress, Underpinning Artemisinin Resistance.

Tuo Yang, Lee M Yeoh, Madel V Tutor, Matthew W Dixon, Paul J McMillan, Stanley C Xie, Jessica L Bridgford, David L Gillett, Michael F Duffy, Stuart A Ralph, Malcolm J McConville, Leann Tilley, Simon A Cobbold
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia.

Abstract

Increased tolerance of Plasmodium falciparum to front-line artemisinin antimalarials (ARTs) is associated with mutations in Kelch13 (K13), although the precise role of K13 remains unclear. Here, we show that K13 mutations result in decreased expression of this protein, while mislocalization of K13 mimics resistance-conferring mutations, pinpointing partial loss of function of K13 as the relevant molecular event. K13-GFP is associated with approximately 170 nm diameter doughnut-shaped structures at the parasite periphery, consistent with the location and dimensions of cytostomes. Moreover, the hemoglobin-peptide profile of ring-stage parasites is reduced when K13 is mislocalized. We developed a pulse-SILAC approach to quantify protein turnover and observe less disruption to protein turnover following ART exposure when K13 is mislocalized. Our findings suggest that K13 regulates digestive vacuole biogenesis and the uptake/degradation of hemoglobin and that ART resistance is mediated by a decrease in heme-dependent drug activation, less proteotoxicity, and increased survival of parasite ring stages.

Publication

  • Journal: Cell Reports
  • Published: 26/11/2019
  • Volume: 29
  • Issue: 9
  • Pagination: 2917-2928.e5

Author