Publications & Reports

Improved HIV-positive infant survival is correlated with high levels of HIV-specific ADCC activity in multiple cohorts.

Yaffe ZA, Naiman NE, Slyker J, Wines BD, Richardson BA, Hogarth PM, Bosire R, Farquhar C, Ngacha DM, Nduati R, John-Stewart G, Overbaugh J
Human Biology Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.

Abstract

Defining immune responses that protect humans against diverse HIV strains has been elusive. Studying correlates of protection from mother-to-child transmission provides a benchmark for HIV vaccine protection because passively transferred HIV antibodies are present during infant exposure to HIV through breast milk. A previous study by our group illustrated that passively acquired antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity is associated with improved infant survival whereas neutralization is not. Here, we show, in another cohort and with two effector measures, that passively acquired ADCC antibodies correlate with infant survival. In combined analyses of data from both cohorts, there are highly statistically significant associations between higher infant survival and passively acquired ADCC levels (p = 0.029) as well as dimeric FcgammaRIIa (p = 0.002) or dimeric FcgammaRIIIa binding (p < 0.001). These results suggest that natural killer (NK) cell- and monocyte antibody-mediated effector functions may contribute to the observed survival benefit and support a role of pre-existing ADCC-mediating antibodies in clinical outcome.

Link to publisher’s web site

Publication

  • Journal: Cell Reports. Medicine
  • Published: 20/04/2021
  • Volume: 2
  • Issue: 4
  • Pagination: 100254

Authors

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