Publications & Reports

Initial Experience with the NAVIO Robotic-Assisted Total Knee Replacement-Coronal Alignment Accuracy and the Learning Curve.

Collins K, Agius PA, Fraval A, Petterwood J
Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.


One of the primary aim of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is restoration of the mechanical axis of the lower limb. Maintenance of the mechanical axis within 3 degrees of neutral has been shown to result in improved clinical results and implant longevity. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of this robotic-assisted system in coronal plane component positioning in TKA. We also describe the learning curve associated with adoption of this technology. A total of 72 total knee replacements were completed between November 2017 and September 2018 by a single surgeon using the robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) system. Cases were recorded from the time the study surgeon first adopted this technology and represent the “learning curve.” Pre- and postoperative coronal weight-bearing alignments were measured and intraoperative robotic-assisted registration data and duration of use were collected. Of the 72 TKAs in this series, 93.3% were corrected to the desired alignment of within 3 degrees of neutral. The knees that were not corrected to neutral had a mean preoperative alignment of 11.57 degrees of deformity as compared with 4.29 degrees for those that were corrected to neutral. A learning curve effect during adoption of this new technology was not found when analyzing RAS usage time. The RAS system produced accurate coronal alignment in TKA in more than 93% of cases with no learning curve effect. Our study suggests that this system is easily adopted, safe, and accurate.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: The Journal of Knee Surgery
  • Published: 01/01/2022
  • Volume: 35
  • Issue: 12
  • Pagination: 1295-1300