Publications & Reports

Decreased bioefficacy of long-lasting insecticidal nets and the resurgence of malaria in Papua New Guinea.

Vinit R, Timinao L, Bubun N, Katusele M, Robinson LJ, Kaman P, Sakur M, Makita L, Reimer L, Schofield L, Pomat W, Mueller I, Laman M, Freeman T, Karl S
Vector-borne Diseases Unit, PNG Institute of Medical Research, PO Box 378, Madang, 511, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea.


Papua New Guinea (PNG) has the highest malaria transmission outside of Africa. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are believed to have helped to reduce average malaria prevalence in PNG from 16% in 2008 to 1% in 2014. Since 2015 malaria in PNG has resurged significantly. Here, we present observations documenting decreased bioefficacy of unused LLINs with manufacturing dates between 2013 and 2019 collected from villages and LLIN distributors in PNG. Specifically, we show that of n = 167 tested LLINs manufactured after 2013, only 17% are fulfilling the required World Health Organisation bioefficacy standards of >/= 80% 24 h mortality or >/= 95% 60 min knockdown in bioassays with pyrethroid susceptible Anopheles farauti mosquitoes. In contrast, all (100%, n = 25) LLINs with manufacturing dates prior to 2013 are meeting these bioefficacy standards. These results suggest that decreased bioefficacy of LLINs is contributing to the malaria resurgence in PNG and increased scrutiny of LLIN quality is warranted.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: Nature Communications
  • Published: 20/07/2020
  • Volume: 11
  • Issue: 1
  • Pagination: 3646