Publications & Reports

Hepatitis B knowledge and associated factors among people with chronic hepatitis B.

Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jack Wallace, Jacqui Richmond, Naomi Ngo, Chris Enright
Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society (ARCSHS), La Trobe University, Victoria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess hepatitis B knowledge among people with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Australia. METHODS: People with CHB in three Australian jurisdictions completed a self-administered questionaire, including 24 hepatitis B knowledge questions across four domains: transmission; natural history; epidemiology and prevention; and clinical management. RESULTS: Ninety-three people completed the survey. Mean age was 45 years, 43% were women and 93% were born overseas (75% from Asia). Mean total knowledge score was 55 out of 100 with 17 participants (18%) scoring >/=75 (defined as a high knowledge). Clinical management scored the lowest (median: 25) and natural history scored the highest (median: 80). In adjusted linear regression, tertiary education (vs. secondary and under) was associated with higher knowledge score (beta: 11.95; 95%CI: 2.45, 21.44; p=0.01). In adjusted logistic regression, very good English proficiency (vs. limited/no proficiency) was associated with high knowledge (OR: 7.65; 95%CI: 1.94, 30.19; p<0.01). Participants reporting hepatitis B-related anxiety demonstrated a significantly higher knowledge score compared to those reporting no such anxiety (beta: 15.11; 95%CI: 4.40, 25.81; p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Hepatitis B-related knowledge gaps were identified among people with CHB. Interventions to improve knowledge should focus on people with low levels of academic education and limited English proficiency.

Publication

  • Journal: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
  • Published: 01/12/2015
  • Volume: 39
  • Issue: 6
  • Pagination: 563-568

Authors