Publications & Reports

Synthesis and pharmacology of new psychoactive substance 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA, a scaffold hopping analogue of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists 5F-CUMYL-PICA and 5F-CUMYL-PINACA.

Banister SD, Adams A, Kevin RC, Macdonald C, Glass M, Boyd R, Connor M, McGregor IS, Havel CM, Bright SJ, Ventura M, Gil C, Barratt MJ, Gerona RR
Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Abstract

Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) are a dynamic class of new psychoactive substances (NPS), with novel chemotypes emerging each year. Following the putative detection of 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA in Australia in 2016, the scaffold hopping SCRAs 5F-CUMYL-PICA, 5F-CUMYL-PINACA, 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA were synthesized and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight-MS (LC-QTOF-MS). Since little is known of the pharmacology of 7-azaindole SCRAs like 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA, the binding affinities and functional activities of all compounds at cannabinoid type 1 and type 2 receptors (CB1 and CB2 , respectively) were assessed using tritiated radioligand competition experiments and fluorescence-based plate reader membrane potential assays. Despite CB1 binding affinities differing by over two orders of magnitude (Ki = 2.95-174 nM), all compounds were potent and efficacious CB1 agonists (EC50 = 0.43-4.7 nM), with consistent rank order for binding and functional activity (5F-CUMYL-PINACA > 5F-CUMYL-PICA > 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA). Additionally, 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA was found to exert potent cannabimimetic effects in mice, inducing hypothermia (6 degrees C, 3 mg/kg) through a CB1 -dependent mechanism.

Link to publisher’s web site

Publication

  • Journal: Drug Testing and Analysis
  • Published: 01/02/2019
  • Volume: 11
  • Issue: 2
  • Pagination: 279-291

Author