Publications & Reports

Monitoring HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder using screenings: a critical review including guidelines for clinical and research use.

Kamminga J, Lal L, Wright EJ, Bloch M, Brew BJ, Cysique LA


Screening tools to identify HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) are primarily devised to detect cognitive impairment on a single occasion. With the chronicity of HIV infection and the risk of HAND developing or progressing despite viral control, it may be pertinent to repeat HAND screening at more than one time point. Despite this, there are limited data on longitudinal use of such screening tools, particularly with regard to the role of practice effects. Additionally, no guidelines currently exist on the timeframe between testing intervals, or recommendation of the magnitude of baseline impairment that warrants follow-up testing. The aim of the current paper was to review existing evidence for longitudinal validity of HAND screening tools. Only those HAND screening tools previously found to have high cross-sectional criterion validity were included. Preliminary recommendations for clinical use and future research are proposed including in international settings.

Link to publisher’s web site


  • Journal: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
  • Published: 01/06/2017
  • Volume: 14
  • Issue: 3
  • Pagination: 83-92



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