Publications & Reports

Ectopic expression of the cAMP-responsive element binding protein inhibits phorbol ester-mediated induction of tissue-type plasminogen activator gene expression.

Costa M, Medcalf RL


The human tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene is regulated in a cell-type dependent manner. The t-PA gene is transcriptionally induced by the phorbol ester PMA in HeLa cells, but suppressed by PMA in HT-1080 cells. A cAMP responsive element (tPACRE) and a Sp-1 site located within the proximal t-PA gene promoter are functionally important in both cell systems. HeLa and HT-1080 cells contain a different repertoire of factors that associate with the tPACRE. In HT-1080 cells, CREB and c-Jun are the two major t-PACRE binding proteins identified, while activating transcription factor 2 (ATF-2) is a predominant t-PACRE binding protein in HeLa cells. To determine whether alteration in the distribution of tPACRE binding proteins would influence the differential regulation of the t-PA gene in these cells, the tPACRE binding profiles in these two cell systems were manipulated by over expressing ATF-2 in HT-1080 cells and CREB in HeLa cells. Supershift experiments confirmed that the overexpression of these factors resulted in binding to the tPACRE site. However, the presence of ATF-2 in HT-1080 cells did not affect either constitutive or PMA-mediated suppression of the endogenous t-PA gene. In contrast, enforced tPACRE-binding activity of CREB in HeLa cells significantly reduced the magnitude of PMA-mediated induction of t-PA mRNA in HeLa cells. These results indicate that the introduction of CREB into HeLa cells disrupts the regulation of the t-PA gene.

Link to Pubmed


  • Journal: European Journal fo Biochemistry
  • Published: 01/02/2001
  • Volume: 268(4):987-96
  • Issue: 4
  • Pagination: 987-996