Publications & Reports

A longitudinal study of health outcomes for people released from prison in Fiji: the HIP-Fiji project.

Kinner SA, Winter R, Saxton K
NHMRC Senior Research Fellow, Griffith Criminology Institute & Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, and; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; School of Medicine


OBJECTIVE: To examine the health of prisoners and ex-prisoners in Fiji, including risk behaviours, service access and HIV status. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 198 men and women recruited prior to release from prison in Fiji, interviewed in the weeks preceding release, and again 1 and 4 months post-release. Dried blood spot samples taken at baseline were tested for HIV. RESULTS: Eighty percent of participants completed at least one follow-up interview. The prevalence of HIV was low (1%), despite evidence of widespread STI and BBV risk behaviours. A history of risky substance use was normative and more than a third reported high psychological distress prior to release. Fewer than one in four reported accessing health care within a month of release from prison. CONCLUSIONS: The health needs of this population are significant but differ in important ways from those of incarcerated populations in other countries. Further research is needed to inform evidence-based care for prisoners and ex-prisoners in Pacific Island nations.

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  • Journal: Australasian Psychiatry
  • Published: 01/12/2015
  • Volume: 23
  • Issue: 6 Suppl
  • Pagination: 17-21


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