Publications & Reports

Synthetic peptide analogs of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) inhibit HIV-1 replication in MT-2 cells.

Fecondo JV, Pavuk NC, Silburn KA, Read DM, Mansell AS, Boyd AW, McPhee DA
Cellular Immunology Unit, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

On the basis of reports demonstrating possible roles for leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), the ligand for LFA-1, in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, we have explored the involvement of the ICAM-1 molecule by using selected synthetic peptides derived from the protein sequence. Replication was assessed in MT-2 cells, highly susceptible to HIV infection, in the presence of four synthetic peptides derived from the ICAM-1 amino acid sequence. This cell type was chosen for the ability to form marked syncytia on infection with cell-free virus. Under the conditions used, minimal or no cytotoxicity was observed with the peptides up to concentrations of 50 micrograms/ml. A peptide corresponding to a unique region of ICAM-1, JF9 [ICAM-1(367-394, A-378)], had little effect on virus replication despite its ability to inhibit cell-cell adhesion. In contrast, an N-terminal peptide, JF7B [ICAM-1(1-23)], consistently inhibited virus replication in MT-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner, as measured by cell-free reverse transcriptase (RT) activity (up to 70% inhibition), soluble virus antigen production (up to 60% inhibition), and syncytium formation (virtually complete inhibition up to 6 days post infection). Testing of W-CAM-1 antibody, and anti-ICAM-1 antibody that inhibits cell-cell adhesion, revealed no significant inhibitory effects on RT activity, virus antigen production, and syncytium formation in HIV-1-infected MT-2 cells at a level that markedly inhibited cell-cell adhesion (10 micrograms/ml).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication

  • Journal: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
  • Published: 01/08/1993
  • Volume: 9
  • Issue: 8
  • Pagination: 733-740

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