Publications & Reports

Home delivery of heat-stable vaccines in Indonesia: outreach immunization with a prefilled, single-use injection device.

Sutanto A, Suarnawa IM, Nelson CM, Stewart T, Soewarso TI
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, NTB Province, Ministry of Health, Indonesia.

Abstract

Extending immunization coverage to underserved populations will require innovative immunization strategies. This study evaluated one such strategy: the use of a prefilled, single-use injection device for outreach immunization by village midwives. The device, UniJect, is designed to prevent refilling or reuse. Stored at ambient temperatures for up to 1 month in midwives' homes, vaccine-filled UniJect devices were immediately available for outreach. Between July 1995 and April 1996, 110 midwives on the Indonesia islands of Lombok and Bali visited the homes of newborn infants to deliver hepatitis B vaccine to the infants and tetanus toxoid to their mothers. Observations and interviews showed that the midwives used the device properly and safely to administer approximately 10,000 sterile injections in home settings. There were no problems with excessive heat exposure during the storage or delivery of vaccine. Injection recipients and midwives expressed a strong preference for the UniJect device over a standard syringe. Use of the prefilled device outside the cold chain simplified the logistics and facilitated the speed and efficiency of home visits, while the single-dose format minimized vaccine wastage.

Publication

  • Journal: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • Published: 01/02/1999
  • Volume: 77
  • Issue: 2
  • Pagination: 119-126