Publications & Reports

Survey of reverse transcriptase from the heterosexual epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 CRF01_AE in Thailand from 1990 to 2000.

Sirivichayakul S, Chantratita W, Sutthent R, Ruxrungtham K, Phanuphak P, Oelrichs RB
Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.


Genetic diversity of the HIV-1 envelope gene has shown a steady increase over time in the Thai and other regional epidemics. A serial survey of subtype CRF01_AE polymerase gene (RT) diversity in Thailand was performed, using 48 novel and 15 reported sequences covering the period 1990–2000. These sequences were gathered from individuals whose sole risk factor for infection was heterosexual contact. By contrast to envelope, diversity was low and, despite a 40% increase early in the epidemic, has remained static since 1996. These results indicate that epidemic HIV-1 may be constrained within defined limits of genetic diversity at least in some genomic regions.


  • Journal: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
  • Published: 20/07/2001
  • Volume: 17
  • Issue: 11
  • Pagination: 1077-1081

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