Publications & Reports

FcgammaRII and multi-system autoimmune disease.

van de Velde NC, Mottram PL, Hogarth PM
Burnet Institute (Austin Campus), Austin Hospital, Studley Road, Heidelberg, Victoria, 3084, Australia, pm.hogarth@burnet.edu.au.

Abstract

The FcR are a crucial link in the immune response between humoral and cellular immunity and cell-based effector systems, mediating a wide variety of physiological and biochemical responses. The FcR for IgG (FcgammaR) and in particular the most widely expressed of these, FcgammaRII, are important in regulating adaptive immunity. Disruption of their function is a key factor in the development of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which are characterized by chronic, multi-organ inflammation. Studies of the FcgammaRII include structure/function relationships, investigation of the associations between FcR polymorphisms and human disease and animal studies using knockout or transgenic mouse models. These investigations showed that the various forms of FcgammaRII interact with immune complexes to either initiate or inhibit inflammation. In conjunction with environmental antigens and genotype, the FcgammaRII activating and inhibitory receptors determine the nature and magnitude of response to antigens. In this review, the structure and function of the FcgammaRIIs and their role in immune complex-mediated auto-immunity are discussed.

Publication

  • Journal: Springer Seminars in Immunopathology
  • Published: 01/12/2006
  • Volume: 28
  • Issue: 4
  • Pagination: 329-338

Authors