Publications & Reports

Effects of monocyte purification and culture on integrin expression.

Stent G, Crowe SM
AIDS Pathogenesis Research Unit, Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, Fairfield, Australia.


Selective alterations in the surface expression of members of the LeuCAM (leukocyte cell adhesion molecule) family of integrins occur during in vitro culture of human monocytes. Such changes may relate in part to cellular maturation, but also to activation following purification and culture of monocytes. In this paper, we examined the effects of monocyte isolation, adherence during culture and endotoxin exposure on the expression of these molecules and the ligand for LFA-1, ICAM-1 (CD54). Expressions of CD11b, CD18 and CD54, but not CD11a or CD11c, were higher on monocytes freshly isolated by density gradient separation and plastic adherence as compared with cells labelled directly in whole blood. However, the surface expression of the LeuCAMs and CD54 on cultured monocytes was not affected by short-term adherence to plastic for 2 h, as determined by comparisons of their expression on adherence-isolated and elutriated monocytes. In contrast, prolonged adhesion of monocytes for up to 21 days in culture altered expression of CD11a without affecting that of the other LeuCAMs or CD54. Expression of CD11a decreased more rapidly on adherence-maintained cells as compared with suspension-cultured cells. Our results show that cellular manipulations required for in vitro studies of monocyte/macrophages may alter expression of the LeuCAMs.


  • Journal: APMIS
  • Published: 01/09/1997
  • Volume: 105
  • Issue: 9
  • Pagination: 663-670

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