We have developed a molecular chaperone-based tumor vaccine that reverses the immune tolerance of cancer cells. Heat shock protein (HSP) 70 extracted from fusions of dendritic (DC) and tumor cells (HSP70.PC-F) possess superior properties such as stimulation of DC maturation and T cell proliferation over its counterpart from tumor cells. More importantly, immunization of mice with HSP70.PC-F resulted in a T cell-mediated immune response including significant increase of CD8 T cells and induction of the effector and memory T cells that was able to break T cell unresponsiveness to a nonmutated tumor Ag and provide protection of mice against challenge with tumor cells. By contrast, the immune response to vaccination with HSP70-PC derived from tumor cells is muted against such nonmutated tumor Ag. HSP70.PC-F complexes differed from those derived from tumor cells in a number of key manners, most notably, enhanced association with immunologic peptides. In addition, the molecular chaperone HSP90 was found to be associated with HSP70.PC-F as indicated by coimmunoprecipitation, suggesting ability to carry an increased repertoire of antigenic peptides by the two chaperones. Significantly, activation of DC by HSP70.PC-F was dependent on the presence of an intact MyD88 gene, suggesting a role for TLR signaling in DC activation and T cell stimulation. These experiments indicate that HSP70-peptide complexes (PC) derived from DC-tumor fusion cells have increased their immunogenicity and therefore constitute an improved formulation of chaperone protein-based tumor vaccine.