Publications & Reports

Autoantibody against dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase, the E3 subunit of the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complexes: significance for primary biliary cirrhosis.

T Maeda, B E Loveland, M J Rowley, I R Mackay


Autoantibodies in primary biliary cirrhosis recognize mitochondrial 2-oxacid dehydrogenase complexes, particularly the E2 subunits. Reactivity with the E3 subunit, common to each of the enzyme complexes, was sought by immunoblotting, with sera screened at 1:100 instead of the conventional 1:1,000 dilution. This was found in 11 of 29 sera from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis but also in 10 of 40 sera from normal subjects. Two-dimensional immunoblotting and immunoblotting on purified enzymes established that the reactivity was actually with E3 rather than with another component of the 2-oxoacid enzymes of similar molecular weight. Purified antibodies to E3 eluted from an affinity column did not cross-react with other components of the 2-oxoacid enzyme complexes. The antibodies to E3 did not react with the Escherichia coli or yeast E3 subunits, suggesting that they are not stimulated by immune responses against microorganisms. Thus the proposal that reactivity to the shared E3 subunit of the 2-oxoacid enzyme complexes could initiate primary biliary cirrhosis is not reflected at the antibody level.


  • Journal: Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
  • Published: 01/12/1991
  • Volume: 14
  • Issue: 6
  • Pagination: 994-999