Publications & Reports

Structural evidence for a new IgG1 antibody sequence allele of cattle.

Saini SS, Farrugia W, Muthusamy N, Ramsland PA, Kaushik AK
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.


Analysis of the heavy-chain gene (pTGHC9907) encoding a bovine IgG1 antibody against bovine herpes virus type 1 (BHV-1) isolated from a Holstein cow has led to the identification of a new IgG1 sequence allele. A comparison of nucleotide sequence of pTGHC9907 with the IgG1(a) (clone 2) and IgG1(b) (clone 8.10) sequence variants and unclassified IgG1 cDNA sequence (clone 8.75) has revealed significant differences in the hinge region spanning codons 216-230. The Thr224 and Thr226 of IgG1(a) were replaced with Arg224 and Pro226, while both Thr218 and Pro224 of IgG1(b) were substituted with Arg with deletion of Ser225 in HB9907 antibody. Additional amino acid substitutions were noted in the CH1 (positions 190, 192), CH2 (position 281) and CH3 (position 402) exons. Thus, the polymorphic sites occurred in all constant domains, but were clustered in the hinge region of IgG1. Examination of a three-dimensional model of the HB9907 heavy chain revealed that all sequence variations were on the surface of the IgG and are possible targets for recognition by antisera and effector molecules such as cellular adhesion molecules. The presence in the CH1 domain of a repeating motif of Pro-Ala-Ser-Ser indicated a potential structure-enhancing function and a role in cellular adhesion and migration. Replacement of Thr with Arg residues within the hinge was predicted to have a dual effect of reducing the number of O-linked glycosylation sites and increasing the susceptibility to degradation by protease-secreting bacteria of the hinge region. As unclassified IgG1 cDNA sequence (clone 8.75) is structurally distinct from other variants, it is also classified as IgG1(d). Collectively, these observations support the identification of a new allotypic variant of bovine IgG1, designated as IgG1© that is distinct in both sequence and structure from the known sequence variants.


  • Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
  • Published: 01/01/2007
  • Volume: 65
  • Issue: 1
  • Pagination: 32-38