Publications & Reports

Human immunodeficiency virus-associated progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy: epidemiology and predictive factors for prolonged survival.

A K Drake, C T Loy, B J Brew, T C C Chen, K Petoumenos, P C K Li, E J Wright


We performed a retrospective review of cases of human immunodeficiency virus-associated progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy in four hospitals (three in Australia and one in Hong Kong) between 1987 and 2003 in order to describe the local experience with this disease and to evaluate parameters impacting upon survival. Eighty-seven cases were identified and demographic details, baseline parameters and treatment methods and response were described. Survival was substantially increased in the post-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era with a median survival increase from 14 to 64 weeks. On multivariate analysis, variables associated with prolonged survival included a CD4 count of >100 cells/mul at diagnosis and the use of HAART post-diagnosis, with no significant additional advantage from the use of neuroactive antiretrovirals.


  • Journal: European journal of neurology : the official journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
  • Published: 01/04/2007
  • Volume: 14
  • Issue: 4
  • Pagination: 418-423


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