Sex workers are a national priority population for the prevention and control of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI).
Sexual health promotion and clinical services in Western Australia are provided through community-based non-government organisations, public health units and state-funded clinical services.
The Western Australian Department of Health contracted the Burnet Institute to undertake a review of programs, including sexual health promotion programs and clinical services, aimed at the prevention and control of HIV, sexually transmissible infections and blood borne viruses among sex workers in WA.
Objectives of the review
The objectives of the review were to:
- Describe the sex worker industry in WA, describe trends of HIV/STIs among sex workers using available data sources
- Identify the determinants of health care seeking behaviour among sex workers in WA and identify gaps in service provision and barriers to implementation of STI and BBV prevention and control initiatives
- Assess the extent to which recommended actions and guiding principles have been implemented and adopted, specifically with relation to sex workers and BBV and STI prevention within WA’s Strategies and Action Plans, and assess their appropriateness to the current context
- Describe best practice on delivering preventive and curative services to sex workers in urban and rural settings
An Advisory Group consisting of relevant organisational representatives and experts were established to guide this review.
The methodology used included a document review and situation analysis, as well as in-depth interviews with stakeholders and additional surveys of sex workers in Western Australia, utilising both qualitative and quantitative data.
This review began in January 2011 with the final report presenting findings and documenting recommendations submitted to the WA Department of Health in November 2011.
January 2011 - November 2011