Projects

Depo Provera and Beyond

The Depo Provera and Beyond study is a collaboration between multiple research institutes in the United States, South Africa and Australia (FHI 360, the University of Cape Town, Virginia Commonwealth University, Oregon Health and Science University and Burnet Institute) and clinical sites in South Africa, the Dominican Republic and Brazil (MatCH Research Unit, Setshaba Research Centre, Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Effective Care Research Unit, Qhakaza Mbokodo Research Clinic, Profamilia and University of Campinas).

The aims of this study are to investigate the effects of different long-acting contraceptives on the female genital tract (i) microbiome, (ii) inflammatory profile, (iii) epithelial barrier integrity and (iv) HIV target cell recruitment and activation. Another aim is to investigate interactions between contraceptives and the microbiome and inflammation that impact HIV acquisition risk. This study includes clinical specimens and metadata that were collected in three randomised control trials: The Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) trial; the Sayana Press Extension trial; and the Lower Dose DMPA PK/PD study.

The ECHO clinical trial aimed to evaluate HIV incidence among women randomised to receive 3-monthly intramuscular doses of 150 mg of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), the copper intrauterine device or the levonorgestrel implant in South Africa, Kenya, Zambia and Swaziland. The Depo Provera and Beyond sub-study is analysing samples collected from 168 South African participants at baseline, and month 1 and month 3 following contraceptive initiation. We additionally aim to analyse samples collected at baseline from 177 women who subsequently acquired HIV and 708 controls who remained HIV-uninfected during the trial.

Sayana Press Extension is a randomized trial to evaluate the contraceptive efficacy of Sayana Press (104 mg DMPA) injected every 4 months among women in the Dominican Republic, Chile and Brazil. Our sub-study is analysing samples collected from 23 participants in Brazil.

Lower Dose DMPA PK/PD Study aimed to evaluate suppression of ovulation of MPA after a single subcutaneous injection of DMPA-SQ 105 mg, 104 mg, 75 mg or 45 mg in the Dominican Republic, Chile and Brazil. Our sub-study is analysing samples collected from 40 participants in Brazil and the Dominican Republic.

Timeline

2018–2023

Collaborators

FHI 360: Dr Jennifer Deese (Principal Investigator) Dr Kavita Nanda Dr Charles Morrison

UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN: Professor Jonathan Blackburn Celia Mehou-Loko Rushil Harryparsard Nina Radzey Bahiah Meyer

VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY: Dr Gregory Buck Dr Myrna Serrano Dr Jerome Strauss Dr Kimberly Jefferson

OREGON HEALTH AND SCIENCE UNIVERSITY: Dr David Erikson

MATCH RESEARCH UNIT: Prof Jennifer Smit

SETSHABA RESEARCH CENTRE: Dr Khatija Ahmed

WITS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND HIV INSTITUTE Dr Thesla Palanee-Phillips

EFFECTIVE CARE RESEARCH UNIT Prof Justus Hoffmeyr

QHAKAZA MBOKODO RESEARCH CLINIC: Dr Sydney Sibiya

PROFAMILIA: Lic. Vivian Brache

UNIVERSITY OF CAMPINAS: Prof Luis Bahamondes

Funding

Depo and Beyond Study: National Institutes of Health (NIH)

ECHO clinical trial: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, US Agency for International Development and the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, South African Medical Research Council, and UN Population Fund

Sayana Press Extension and Lower Dose DMPA clinical trials: FHI 360

Contact Details

For any general enquiries relating to this project, please contact:

Doctor Lindi Masson

Senior Research Fellow

Telephone

+61392822282

Email

[email protected]