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AIC Strategic Research Project 4: Assessment of Non Communicable Disease and associated risks among Indonesian adolescents
Globally there has been a significant shift in the pattern of disease with non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and mental disorder. They are now the prevailing cause of death and disability in most countries, including Indonesia.
Adolescents represent an important population group in terms of responding to NCD because:
Currently, there is limited data documenting the prevalence of certain NCD risks and outcomes among Indonesian adolescents, and the determinants that underpin them. How young people perceive NCD risk and outcomes remains poorly described. These understandings are critical to informing effective preventive and treatment interventions.
Mental disorders typically have their onset during adolescence and poor mental health is a leading contributor to the burden of disease experienced by Indonesian adolescents. More than half of premature mortality and morbidity experienced by Indonesian adults is attributable to metabolic risk. Of the metabolic risks, high body mass index typically arises during adolescence.